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Crabapple, Linden, Spruce, Oh My. The Great Tree Debate!

Their are so many tree options for your yard. It can be hard to decide which one is the right one for you. Let’s discuss a few of the basic differences, but ultimately you’ll want to find out more about each particular tree your considering before making a final choice

Flowering Trees

Pyrus callyranna

Flowering Pear

Flowering tree’s add texture and color to your landscape. Most are early bloomers, so they give you some of your first splash of color come spring. They are also typically smaller in size and stature so they give you a tree option without requiring tons of space.  These would probably not be on the top of the list for helping with utility bills; although they may be a good choice for screening in some situations. 

Shade Trees

Acer x Freemanii

Freeman Maple

However; shade tree’s are great for helping control utility bills if planted in the correct place. Place a large shade tree near the southwest corner of your house and it will help keep your house cool and shady in summer but allow light and warmth through in winter.  Shade tree’s typically have a wide spectrum of fall colors as well, adding to their appeal.  This is due to the different chemicals produced in the leaf (some year round) although that is a discussion for another day.

Fruit Trees


Apple Tree

Fruit tree’s serve a very specific purpose and should be considered only if your willing to put in a little extra effort to care for your tree’s. Most of these tree’s all require multiple chemical applications each year to keep them healthy and producing great fruit.  It is important to note as well, that for many of the fruits that are popular and grow well in our region, you do in fact, need more than one tree to actually produce fruit.


Columnar Spruce

Columnar Spruce

Evergreens’ are great as sound, visual, or wind barrier’s as they always have needle structure present.  (Just a tidbit though, evergreens’ do actually drop their needles, it just happens during  the needles thirds year of growth.  By then, new needles have started growing so most people never even notice the change.)  They also carry a distinct style with many shape and even color options to choose from. From vase shapes to weeping forms, or round wispy tree’s to broad pyramidal structures, you’re sure to find an evergreen that appeals to your sense of style.


No matter what your goal, tree’s add a distinct flare and important balance to your landscape. In  your landscape, we refer to them as the ceiling of your outdoor living space.  They should not be overlooked. Take some time, do your homework, and choose a tree (or two) that your going to love for many, many years to come.














So fall has arrived and we are reaching the end of another growing season…..for plants, hopefully not for us. It has been such a wonderful year so far that Mother Nature doesn’t want it to end without one more little fireworks display.  I, personally, consider the fall to be Nature’s celebration of yet another successful year.  Soon, the killing frost will be upon us, but before happens, let’s get one more “WOW” from this amazing World we’ve been given.  The question is, how does Mother Nature pull off this fantastic extravaganza?

Would you believe that those amazing colors were actually there all along?  I’m sure you all learned about good ole photosynthesis waaaaaaaay back in grade school.  In a nutshell, or perhaps more appropriately in a leaf cell, photosynthesis is photosynthesisthe process in which plants convert water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen.  Without getting to far into the science behind this process, essentially the chloroplast cells (which are a key part of the process of photosynthesis) collect the photons from the sun to begin the light reactions in photosynthesis.  The chemicals present called chlorophyll reflects the green rays resulting in a green pigment.  Now assuming the plant is getting plenty of moisture and sunlight, the chlorophyll is so intense that it actually manages to turn the entire leaf a green hue.  However, during the fall months as daylight lessens and temperatures begin to drop the plants begin to slow these processes down.  With the plants slowing this process, they create less and less chlorophyll and other chemicals in the plant can then step up and express themselves”.

Caratonoids and Anthocyanins are two other chemicals present in leaves cells.  The Carotanoids are actually present year round, but the chlorophyll creates a much stronger pigment.  Thus it is only when the process of photosynthesis slows and chlorophyll dissipates, that the caratanoids can show their pigment.  These caratanoids are responsible of the yellow and orange leaf color we get during fall periods.  The anthocyanins’ which not all plants produce, give us those amazing reds that stand out so well during the fall fireworks display.  It is not truly understood why some plants produce anthocyanins, however some scientists believe that it is actually a response to cooler temperatures.  An attempt by the cells to protect against potential frost.  Regardless, the result is an incredible view.


No matter what the reasons, the how, or the why, one thing is for certain; Mother Nature is a genius.  The fact that we get one last “show” from these organisms that are so vital to our existence is nothing short of a miracle.  We have a front row season to a true celebration of life.  We get to witness Nature in all its splendor and glory.  I highly recommend you get out there and take advantage.   Don’t forget, GOOD LUCK AND KEEP GROWING!!

Should We Be Rockin’ Around A REAL Christmas tree?

The deliberation begins early around my store, because we are faced with the rush to get ready for Christmas before Thanksgiving even rolls around.  So many people want to turn their lights on on Thanksgiving that we have to make sure we’re ready with all the options.  Tree’s, garland, wreath’s, new lights, anything your little hearts desire.  So as a result, the debate begins as well as to which is a better choice, REAL or ARTIFICIAL Christmas trees.  I can tell you beyond a shadow of a doubt that there are solid pro’s and con’s to both options.  Beyond that, I will leave it up to you fair reader to come to terms with whatever choice you decide to make.

ImageLet’s start with a little history.  Artificial trees seem to have first come into existence in the late 1800’s in Germany.  As a response to the continued deforestation of the country, German folks began to create fake tree’s by sticking down feathers in a large stick to create a tree appearance.  This practice eventually made its way to the United States but in 1930’s A toilet brush company decided that the bristles from their toilet brushes would make great tree branches.  This became the grandfather of our current artificial tree’s.  Although fake tree’s have endured a myriad of construction materials the most common current material is PVC plastic.  Although they have never looked more real, the choice of material begs the question, are they REALLY better for the environment than a real tree.  Consider that PVC is a NON-BIODEGRADABLE material.  So even though an artificial tree may have an expected life span of 10 years on average, I would suggest that most only last four to five years before being replaced.  Now once that fake tree gets disposed of, it sits in a landfill and takes up space, because it can not be recycled.  Next, a good portion of fake tree’s are produced in China and for quite some time lead was used as a stabilizer during production.  China has reportedly banned this practice and is now using tin as a stabilizer.   However, tests were conducted as recently as 2005 which showed that many fake tree’s dropped substantial amounts of lead dust on the ground under them in just one week of being installed.  That being said, there are certainly lead free tree’s (mostly produced here in the United States) but that is still a concern to be discussed.  Don’t get me wrong, I am not trying to scare you out of an artificial tree.  As I said, both have several pro’s and con’s.  Fake tree’s can be a lower cost option (but not always).  There are no stubborn needles to pick out of the carpet at season’s end.  And many now even come prelit and are very realistic looking with many options and sizes.  On top of the fact that most artificial tree’s utilize fire retardant materials and a “live” tree can be a fire hazard if not properly maintained.  But you mister and missus consumer must decide what outweighs what.

Now, Lets talk about the artificial tree’s competition, the once growing, now waiting to be landscape mulch, evergreen’s we like to call “live” tree’s.  Obviously, that would be con Numero Uno.  In essence, we’re talking about cutting down a perfectly good tree to stick presents under, ONE NIGHT OF THE YEAR.  Some would say this lends credence to the belief that we are insane as a species. However, I would suggest to you that evergreens’ grown specifically of the purpose of becoming Christmas tree’s are grown in the exact same manner as any other cash crop we currently produce.  Sustainable tree farms are the norm and most live tree’s come from one of these many farms.  For every tree cut at least one new tree is planted. If not the grower would be out of business pretty darn quick.  However, if you don’t like the idea of cattle chutes, this theory probably doesn’t appeal to you either.  Consider this, for every acre of evergreens currently growing, enough oxygen for 18 people is produced.  I know that doesn’t sound like much but what does a PVC tree produce?  Also, in comparison to artificial tree’s that will be around till the end of time, most “live” tree’s get recycled after the holiday season.  They become either landscape mulch or a variety of other things.  So one could say, in that respect they are actually better for the environment than artificial tree’s.  The fact still remains that “live” tree’s can be quite the chore at the end of the season, and even considering sustainable tree farms, “live” tree can still seem like quite a waste.  On top of the fact that you have to get it home and to the recycling sites at the beginning and end of the season.   However, Let’s not forget how amazing “live” tree’s smell on Christmas morning and throughout the entire season.  So again I would say you are the one who most decide which factors are more important to you.


You dear reader, can now consider yourself a well informed member of society making a decision based in knowledge of the topic and having climbed the fence to look on both sides.  Doesn’t it feel good to know you made the right choice, whatever that may be.  A multitude of choices is never a bad thing when you know what your getting into.  Enjoy your Christmas Tree no matter what you and your family decide to pick, and of course, please don’t forget the true reason for the season, Jesus Christ.  And for crying out loud, we’re not even going to get into flocked tree’s because that is just a whole other ballgame!



To wrap or not to wrap?

Okay, so I discussed caring for your evergreens recently, and I’m sure some of you thought I was just neglecting the deciduous tree’s.  Not true at all, I just wanted to bring up the evergreens’ first because they could potentially perish from winter damage while deciduous tree’s typically do not.  That is not to say that they can not receive winter damage though, so just what are we up against?

Well, first of all let me reiterate that almost all tree’s need to be well watered prior to the ground freezing.  This is especially true for young or newly planted deciduous (LEAFY) tree’s just as evergreens.  The reason being they just don’t have the root structure to search for water when they begin to break dormancy.  Beyond that there are a few other things to consider with regard to your deciduous trees’.  Thin barked and young tree’s are highly susceptible to two major winter damage issues.  While these are not the only things that can affect tree’s during the winter months they are the most common problems.  The first one we will discuss is a problem called WINTER SUN SCALD.

Winter Sun Scald is bark damaging issues.  It is most commonly seen on tree’s such as Maple, Apple, Honeylocust, Ash, and Willow however any young tree with undeveloped, thin bark is susceptible.  What I mean by thin bark is a tree that has yet to achieve that CORKY appearance we commonly attribute to tree bark.  Sun Scald is seen on the south and/or west sides of tree trunks and caused by the temperature variances from day to night hours.  Basically, as the day progresses and the temperatures rise, the previously dormant phloem cells (these are cells in a tree’s vascular system that carry nutrients down to the roots) warm and this triggers a “WAKE UP” reaction.  Those cells mistake the temps as an alarm clock to break dormancy.  Unfortunately they failed to get the memo that Mother Nature has a sense of humor.  So as the night temps drop down again, those cells are caught “with their bark down” and basically freeze to death.  This creates an unsightly wound on the trunk of the tree where the cells essentially stop developing.  While this will typically not kill the tree it does create a myriad of possible problems the worst of which is that it creates a point of entry for disease or damaging pests.  So while a borer insect may ultimately be attributed with the death of a tree, it probably found it’s way in through the sun scald damage.

Image of Sun Scald courtesy of Missouri Botanical Gardens

The second common winter issue for deciduous trees is known as FROST CRACKING.  Unlike Sun Scald which will be permanently visible, frost cracks typically close back upper during summer months.  Frost cracks also generally appear on the south or west side of a trunk.  However, this damage can even affect older corky barked tree’s.  Frost Cracks are also caused by warming cells although, in this case the cells don’t generally die.  Basically, as the daytime temps warm them, the cells begin to expand.  Then when dusk rolls around and temps go back down the cells cool again.  As they cool, they contract.  The outer cells cool faster than the inner cells and as a result, as the outer cells contract faster, they are pulled apart and cause vertical cracks along the bark.  Cracks can easily be several feet long and often will sound like a gunshot when the crack first occurs.  Generally, the cracks will close back up during the summer, although once a crack occurs it will typically reappear during winter months from then on.  Frost Cracks are most common on Maple and Sycamore although any thin barked tree would be susceptible.

Frost Crack Image courtesy NC State University Webpage

There is no perfect way to prevent frost cracks on large tree’s but fortunately there is something you can do to help prevent it and Sun Scald on younger tree’s.  While many orchard growers actually whitewash their tree’s during the winter months to help protect them, this is not commonly used in residential settings as it dramatically changes the appearance of the landscape.  The most common practice in a typical landscape is to use a crepe paper like material known as tree wrap.  Basically to apply the wrap, you begin at the bottom and work your way up, overlapping as you go to completely wrap the trunk all the way up to the first branch knuckle.  I don’t recommend using the plastic trunk protectors as they will leave a gap where you install them and that reduces their efficacy in my opinion.  Now, remember this important point; you need to remove the tree wrap as soon as the weather begins to warm.  Leaving this wrap on the tree will hold moisture against the trunk during the wet spring months and also creates a nice warm home for insects and pests during summer months.  So what was originally intended to help could cause even more damage if not maintained.

I’ve got one more recommendation for you, although this one doesn’t really have anything to do with bark damage.  It really is a good idea to remove at least a couple feet of sod from the base of your tree’s and install mulch instead.   The reason for this is the mulch acts as a blanket in the winter to help keep roots warm, but then will help retain moisture during spring and summer.  It will also help keep weeds down and will prevent the need to try to mow or weed whip around the base of the tree and potentially damage the trunk or exposed surface roots.  However, only mulch to within an inch or two of the trunk so that (like the wrap) the mulch doesn’t hold moisture against the trunk of the tree and create rot.  I like to create a little moat around the trunk of the tree.  Then if I am hand watering I can set the end of the hose in the moat and set it to a slow flow and the moat helps to keep the water from running off.

I hope this gives you an idea on how to maintain your young tree’s so that you get years of enjoyment from them.  Properly placed large shade trees can help decrease utility costs as well as increase the value of your property.  They provide homes for wildlife and shade on a sunny afternoon.  Trust me when I say, they are worth taking a few minutes to protect.


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